go的现在分词,go后面为什么要加动名词?

go后面不是动名词go的现在分词,而是现在分词做目的状语。这种用法很多,如:

Do you want to go swimming with us?

你想和我们一起去游泳吗?

We are going to go boating.

我们要去划船。

Let’s go dancing.

让我们跳舞吧。

Let’s go have a drink!如果有这句话的话,那也是口语,不规范,可看作Let’s go and have a drink!这句话省略了and。

我们知道,动名词和现在分词都是由动词+ing构成的,而且构成的方式完全一样。那么如何区分动名词和现在分词的用法呢?

go的现在分词,go后面为什么要加动名词?

一、动名词相当于名词,在句子中作及物动词和介词的宾语,现在分词不能。如:

go的现在分词,go后面为什么要加动名词?

We enjoy watching TV in the evening.(动名词watching作及物动词enjoy的宾语)

go的现在分词,go后面为什么要加动名词?

He loves living with his grandparents.(动名词living作及物动词loves的宾语)

I’m thinking about going to Shanghai for a trip next week.(动名词going作介词about的宾语)

She spends lots of time in learning English every day.动名词learning作介词int的宾语)

二、动名词(短语)作主语,现在分词不能。

Swimming is my fvorite in summer.

Living in the countryside is a pleasant thing now.

三、动名词(短语)作表语,现在分词不能。

My favorite sport is diving.

The boy’s hobby is painting.

四、现在分词作谓语,用在进行时态中,这时,其前要加be动词。动名词则不能。

I am reading a storybook now.

They were playing volleyball when we found them.

五、现在分词作后置定语,动名词则不能

There is boy standing at the door now.

I saw a car running through the forest.

do 的过去式是did 现在分词是done

go 的过去式是went 现在分词是gone

过去式表示过去做过什么事情,只是个简单的陈述。 现在分词不一样的,是过去做的事情延续到现在,对现在所产生的影响,这个动作可能做完了,也可能没有做完。前者重视陈述,后者重视影响。

举个例子:

I did homework. 只是表示我过去做作业的事实。

I have done homework. 表示我已经完成作业了。

对现在的影响是我可以去做别的事情了。

I went to school by bike. 在陈述我在过去的时间里一个点或段时间里做的事情。

I have gone to school by bike.表示我曾经骑车去学校。对现在的影响是我去过了学校。

_being_very angry,his father did not go to cinema.

Being very angry, his father did not go to (the) cinema.

可以解释为独立主格结构。常常在句中作为一个独立的成分存在,又表示让步、原因(轻度的原因,有时候因果关系不浓)、等等的含义。

注意:这个东西本身不是从句,因此没有其他从句那样完整的主谓成分,但是,从含义上讲能看出或理解明白主谓关系,只是用词的形式发生了变化。

看看这两句的翻译:

1。Because his father was ver angry, he did not go to the cinema last night. 因为他的父亲很生气,所以他昨晚没去看电影。

2. Being very angry, his father did not go to the cinema.

他爸爸很生气,昨晚没去看电影。(因果不是很浓,但可以理解为轻度的原因)

李健

was being very angry…..

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